CRC Information

The CRC Energy Efficiency Scheme (CRC) is a mandatory emissions trading scheme that aims to reduce CO2 emissions through energy efficiency.  Started in April 2010 it affects large organisations in the UK primarily in the commercial and public sector and is intended to sit alongside CCAs and the EU ETS.

The CRC scheme is split into phases:

·        Phase 1 started on 1 April 2010 and ran until 31 March 2014

·        Phase 2 is from 1 April 2014 to 31 March 2019

As per the March 2016 Budget announcement the CRC Scheme will be closed following the last compliance year which will be 2018/19.

Each year of a phase, CRC participants have to monitor and report their energy supplies. The CRC Registry uses this information to calculate emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) from the participants company.

To offset these emissions each participant must purchase and surrender “allowances”. One allowance must be surrendered for each tonne of CO2. The allowance prices are

·        £12 per tonne of CO2 introduced in 2011-2012

·        Unchanged at £12 per tonne of CO2 for 2013-2014.

·        Rose to £16.40 per tonne of CO2 in 2014-2015

·        Rose to £16.90 per tonne of CO2 in 2015-2016

o   From 2016-2017 the allowance price will increase in line with the retail price index

Phase II Guidance & Further Information

To register for the CRC or for guidance for participants in Phase 2 please view the Environment Agency’s document here (CRC Energy Efficiency Scheme guidance for participants in phase 2)

If you are unsure if you qualify for Phase 2 please refer to Annex A of this document:

The last CRC annual reports will be due for submission by the end of July 2019 and the last pre-defined allowance surrender date will be October 2019.

For further help or information please email the CRC helpdesk on


CCAs and CRC

Energy supplies to a fully eligible certified CCA facility is excluded from the CRC scheme and does not need to be reported under CRC. So one more benefit of having a CCA is reduced administrative and financial burdens of the CRC scheme. 

FSDF logo BNMA logo TSA logo MPMA logo FabraUK logo CONFOR logo BCCF logo